Afghanistan’s economy on brink of collapse with 85 percent of population living in poverty: Report

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An Afghan carries empty containers to fill with drinking water along a street in Kandahar, on 24 May 2022 (AFP)

Around 15 million Afghans have been pushed into poverty since 2020, the UN report showsNearly 34 million Afghans are living in poverty and the country’s economy is on the brink of collapse, a new UN report shows. 

According to the report, in 2020 the number of Afghans in poverty was 19 million compared to 34 million now, a 15 million increase. Much of the blame had to do with the Taliban taking over the following year, the report noted. In 2021, many aid programmes were cut back when countries refused to deal with the Taliban, resulting in an economic crisis.

The report, which was released on Tuesday in Kabul by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), details how Afghanistan’s economic output collapsed by 20.7 percent, following the Taliban takeover in 2021.

At least 85 percent of Afghanistan is projected to be in poverty, as there is an estimated population of 40 million. The UN aid appeal for international assistance to reach $4.6 billion in 2023 is the minimum that is required to help Afghans in need. 

Any reduction in international aid will worsen the economic situation of Afghanistan and would result in extreme poverty that would perpetuate for decades, the report said.

“If foreign aid is reduced this year, Afghanistan may fall from the cliff edge into the abyss,” the UNDP resident representative in Afghanistan, Abdallah al-Dardari, said.

In order to survive, Afghans have been selling their homes, lands and assets to generate income. Some people have turned their children into labourers and their daughters into child brides, the report says.

According to the report, the funding requirements today for Afghans to maintain their expenditures may have reached $5.3 billion from the $900 million needed two years ago. 

Participation of Afghan women 

No recovery in the country would be sustainable without the participation of Afghan women in the economy and public life. The restriction of women’s rights, including a ban on Afghan women from working in NGOs, directly affects economic productivity, the report says.

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“Only the full continuity of girls’ education and women’s ability to pursue work and learning can keep the hope of any real progress alive,” UNDP regional director for Asia and the Pacific, Kanni Wignaraja, said. 

In December, the Taliban government first decided to suspend university education for women, and later issued an outright ban on education for women. However, some girls’ schools have remained open.

Since the Taliban returned to power in Afghanistan in the summer of 2021, residents, elders and religious leaders in the country and abroad have challenged its claims that restricting education and work for women is permissible in Islam.

The move was widely condemned by governments around the world, including in the Middle East and the wider Muslim world.

Saudi Arabia’s foreign ministry expressed “surprise and regret”, calling on Kabul to reverse the move, and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan denounced the Taliban’s ban as “unIslamic”, promising to follow the issue until it is resolved. 

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Disclaimer: Afghanistan's economy on brink of collapse with 85 percent of population living in poverty: Report - Views expressed by writers in this section are their own and do not necessarily reflect point-of-view

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