Islam was introduced in Crimea with the Mongol invasion of Rus’ in the 13th century. What happened was that in 1241, Genghis Khan’s grandson, Batu Khan, conquered the region establishing Mongol rule. However, over the upcoming decades, the region, which spread from Eastern Europe to the Korean peninsula, began to fragment. The western portion was ruled by a confederation of Turkic and Mongol tribes, which came to be known as the Golden Horde. In 1313, following the conversion of Öz Beg Khan, Islam became the state religion of the Golden Horde.
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